Eye enucleation is usually performed by an ophthalmic surgeon or an ophthalmologist in a hospital setting. Young and healthy patients may undergo the surgery on an outpatient basis but most stay in the hospital for at least one night after surgery. Ophthalmic surgeons are members of the American College of Eye Surgeons, and are certified by the American Board of Eye Surgery after submitting to an extensive written application. Before ABES certification, they must be certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO). This certification indicates successful completion of an approved residency program and acquisition of sufficient knowledge in the areas of medical and surgical ophthalmology.
These conditions pose a challenge and an opportunity to the snow and ice control professional to manage and control their risks associated with personal injuries. The condition is a design deficiency and not necessarily the responsibility of the snow and ice control professional, unless they chose not to address the concern with the property manager and assume the risks. The condition also potentially provides additional work for those firms that offer ice watch services. Identifying this situation and bringing it to the property manager's attention – preferably in writing – allows the snow and ice control professional to not only manage their risk and control the likelihood of being will be drawn into a lawsuit, but potentially address a hazardous situation before someone is hurt.